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Obama Ends Court Defense of Anti-Gay Marriage Law

3 years ago
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A key provision of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) is unconstitutionally biased and will no longer be defended in court by Justice Department attorneys, Attorney General Eric Holder announced Wednesday.

But he assured members of Congress that the Clinton-era federal statute, which defines marriage as between only a "man and a woman" as "husband and wife," will continue to be enforced by the executive branch until it is either repealed by legislators or definitely voided by the courts. Section 3 of the statute, which limits the definition of marriage to opposite-sex partners, precludes spouses in same-sex marriages from receiving certain federal benefits to which spouses in traditional marriages are entitled.

Until now, federal attorneys have defended the validity of Section 3 in court as a legitimate expression of congressional authority. But President Obama himself ordered the reversal of executive branch policy and position after determining that the marriage classifications contained in the statute could not survive under the strictest standards of judicial review. "I fully concur" with that decision, Holder said in the statement issued in connection with two pending federal challenges to the DOMA in the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.

In announcing the surprise move, Holder noted that Obama had "concluded that given a number of factors, including a documented history of discrimination, classifications based on sexual orientation should be subject to a more heightened standard of scrutiny," which Section 3 of the Marriage Act could not meet. Consequently, the attorney general wrote, "the Department of Justice will not defend the constitutionality of Section 3 as applied to same-sex married couples in the two cases filed in the 2nd Circuit. We will, however, remain parties to the cases and continue to represent the interests of the United States throughout the litigation," he said.

The fate of the Marriage Act will in turn determine the fate of other federal policies and practices. For example, even after the Pentagon ends its controversial "Don't ask, don't tell" termination policy, which excludes openly gay military service members, the same-sex spouses of soldiers would not receive the same benefits as the opposite-sex spouses of soldiers -- unless DOMA were repealed or struck down by the federal courts. In July, a noted federal trial judge in Massachusetts, a Nixon appointee, declared Section 3 unconstitutional. That case is now before the 1st U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.

The attorney general also informed Congress of the change in policy "so Members who wish to defend the statute may pursue that option. The Department will also work closely with the courts to ensure that Congress has a full and fair opportunity to participate in pending litigation." And it is likely that legislators will take the Justice Department up on its offer as they seek to defend the law, which was enacted in part to prevent the recognition and spread of same-sex marriage among the states. Currently, five states and the District of Columbia recognize the validity of same-sex marriage. The issue in California is on appeal.

A spokesman for House Speaker John Boehner said that "the president will have to explain why he thinks now is the appropriate time to stir up a controversial issue that sharply divides the nation," particularly at a time when "Americans want Washington to focus on creating jobs and cutting spending."

Not surprisingly, House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi had a different response. She commended Obama "for taking this bold step forward to ensure the federal government is no longer in the business of defending an indefensible statute."

Supporters of same-sex marriage were heartened by the decision. The Human Rights Campaign, the nation's largest lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender civil rights organization, was quick to praise President Obama's step. "DOMA unfairly discriminates against Americans and we applaud [the president] for fulfilling his oath to defend critical constitutional principles," said HRC President Joe Solmonese.

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Minski23

Mr. Speaker, WHY NOT bring up such a controversial issue, the purpose, to take your mind off creating jobs and cutting spending !!!!!!

February 23 2011 at 2:30 PM
accsport

The Bible clearly states that this is an abomination. There is no middle ground it is just wrong, completely and totally wrong. A marriage is between a man and a woman.

February 23 2011 at 2:30 PM
Joy

Our President, who has taught constitutional law, once again shows his intelligence and his grasp of how our government works.

February 23 2011 at 2:30 PM
hi bev

Obama is still looking for where he can get the votes in the next election. No matter what people say two people of the same sex being together in this way is against the Lord. They may have their way on earth but will have to atone later.

February 23 2011 at 2:30 PM
msjanne

I applaud the President for this. We all have predicaments and needs to be respected. We are entitled to our own concept of happiness and it is OK to be happy so long as we are not stepping on someone else's toes. Love is universal and must be unconditional cuz it is inevitable and the feeling of it is the most wonderful experience in life... regardless of shape, size, colors, creed, orientation, and preference.

February 23 2011 at 2:29 PM
mic6010

Basically, before today, you couldn't even challenge the law, NOW you can take it to court and say its un-constitutional, which it is.
So in short, at a federal level, there will no longer be a ban on same sex marriage. Of course I'm sure the bigoted republicans will find some other way to repress Americans rights to be free. Thats what they do after all, but this is a big step.

February 23 2011 at 2:29 PM
gwlvs2ski

WOA.....I READ AND RE-READ THIS SEVERAL TIMES. IT MAKES NO SENSE. YET IT HAS PLEASED THE "HRC" SO MUCH THAT THEY APPLAUD THE PRESIDENT. WHAT??? HE DIDNT REPEAL ANYTHING.......GAY MARRIAGE IS STILL ILLEGAL. IS THIS WHY POLITICIANS ARE ABLE TO GET AWAY WITH DOING NOTHING? BECAUSE WE BELIEVE THAT WHEN WE HEAR THEM TALK "TOUGH" THAT THEY ARE GOING TO FOLLOW THROUGH? I THINK SO.............

February 23 2011 at 2:29 PM
Nancy B

Well I surely know who I'm voting for next time.................

February 23 2011 at 2:29 PM
kellymcgee1

I am so against this. So is the word of God. You know that thing this country was built upon, you know the BIBLE. Pres. Obama has raised our countries National Debt more than Bush ever did. He is going crazy with ideas about making school days longer, where our kids will be eating dinner at school. Now, he wants same sex marriages. My God help this country. Get this man, and anti Christian out of office in 2012.

February 23 2011 at 2:29 PM
American flag

We have taken God out of the schools and now are trying to take him out of the country. A quote "If men are not governed by God, they will be ruled by tyrants" Is that where we are? How sad...and we will all suffer...

February 23 2011 at 2:29 PM

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